Scholars on Bilbao

Articles that cite, in their broader topic, the case of Bilbao


The New Museum Folkwang in Essen. A Contribution to the Cultural and Economic Regeneration of the Ruhr Area?

EUROPEAN PLANNING STUDIES, (ahead-of-print), 1-19.

ABSTRACT: The “Bilbao effect” shows that major cultural investments can contribute to the regeneration of old industrial cities and regions. Four different contributions can be distinguished: the (1) direct economic effects of such an investment; (2) social functions of a cultural institution which often serves as a point of contact for local and regional elites; (3) symbolic functions as an expression of a new regional identity and (4) cognitive functions, for example, ..(...)..

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