Scholars on Bilbao

Articles that cite, in their broader topic, the case of Bilbao


Entrepreneurial Regionalist Planning in a Rescaled Spain: The Cases of Bilbao and Valencia.

GEOJOURNAL 62: 41-50.

ABSTRACT: European politics and planning have recently been characterized by a shift to economic entrepreneurialism at subnational scales, and the planned redevelopment of the city-region in pursuit of global competitiveness, which scholars have interpreted in light of political-economic "rescaling" or regionalization and the emergence of a "new regionalism". Analyzing rescaling largely in terms of shifting economic and institutional structures, however, many accounts underestimate the complexity and enduring power of so-called "old" regionalist politics of culture and identity as backdrop to urban redevelopment planning. In this paper we address how the urban planning process mediates between the seemingly dichotomous tendencies of regionalized entrepreneurialism and cultural regionalism. Using case studies of two Spanish autonomous regions and their major urban centers -the Basque Country or Euskadi (Bilbao) and the Comunitat Valenciana (Valencia)- we review the historical geography of planning in the European region in order to explore how cultural regionalism collides with economic rescaling and entrepreneurialism, in and through the planned landscape. We propose that such emerging and hybrid politics and planning be understood as a form of entrepreneurial regionalism, a culturally inflected form of economic competitiveness characteristic of but not unique to the Spanish region. This specific notion of entrepreneurial regionalism may illuminate how planners mediate global and local imperatives within political discourse and landscapes that materialize them, and allow us to better reconceptualize the relationship between economic globalization, state restructuring, and cultural politics in a new Europe of the Regions.

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